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适合小学生的寓言故事

学习520 2021-03-25 作文网 体裁作文 寓言

适合小学生的寓言故事

  1.鼬鼠和狮子

  有一次,一只鼬鼠和—头狮子相遇。

  鼬鼠向狮子挑战,要同它一决高低。狮子想也不想,就果断地拒绝了。 “怎么?”鼬鼠轻蔑地说, “你害怕了吗?”

  “非常害怕!”狮子说,“如果我就这么答应你,你就可以获得曾与狮子比武的殊荣。虽然,你可能会死;但我呢,以后所有大动物、小动物都会来耻笑我,耻笑我竟然和弱小的鼬鼠打架,弄得自己无地自容。那不是一件可笑的事吗?”说完,它头也不回地向树林深处走去。

  你认为强大的狮子应该接受鼬鼠的挑战吗?我觉得狮子的选择是明智的。

  如果狮子接受挑战,它一定会赢,但这只不过是短暂而无意义的快乐,不久便会满城风雨,所有动物都会反感狮子,都会耻笑它,事情将会弄得—发不可收拾。俗话说:“泼出去的水收不回来。”狮子如果落到这地步,到那时,就后悔莫及了。

  如果拒绝,一切风平浪静。狮子还是森林之王,还是像原来一样威风凛凛。

  就像人一样,如果与—个实力与自己不是同一等级的人争执不休,就会浪费许多的资源,如口舌、精力。这还是小事,最重要的是浪费时间。同样的,一个人对琐事的兴趣越大,对大事的兴趣就会越小。曾经有位哲人说过: “明智的艺术就是清醒地知道该忽略什么的.艺术。”不要把精力过多地放在不重要的事和人上,因为成功的秘诀就是抓住既定的目标不放。

  2.井底之蛙

  The Frog in the Shallow Well

  Have you not heard of the frog that lived in a shallow well? It said to a turtle that lived in the East Sea, "I am so happy! When I go out, I jump about on the railing beside the mouth of the well. When I come home, I rest in the holes on the broken wall of the well. If I jump into the water, it comes up to my armpits and holds up my cheeks. If I walk in the mud, it covers up my feet. I look around at the wriggly worms, crabs and tadpoles, and none of them can compare with me. Moreover, I am lord of this trough of water and I stand up tall in this shallow well. My happiness is full. My dear sir, why don't you come often and look around my place?"

  Before the turtle from the East Sea could get its left foot in the well, its right knee got stuck. It hesitated and retreated. The turtle told the frog about the East Sea.

  "Even a distance of a thousand li cannot give you an idea of the sea's width; even a height of a thousand ren cannot give you an idea of its depth. In the time of King Yu of the Xia dynasty, there were floods nine years out of ten, but the waters in the sea did not increase. ln the time of King Tang of the Shang dynasty there were droughts seven years out of eight, but the waters in the sea did not decrease. The sea does not change along with the passage of time and its level does not rise or fall according to the amount of rain that falls. The greatest happiness is to live in the East Sea."

  After listening to these words, the frog of the shallow well was shocked into realization of his own insignificance and became very ill at ease.

  一口废井里住着一只青蛙。有一天,青蛙在井边碰上了一只从海里来的大龟。 青蛙就对海龟夸口说:“你看,我住在这里多快乐!有时高兴了,就在井栏边跳跃一阵;疲倦了,就回到井里,睡在砖洞边一回。或者只留出头和嘴巴,安安静静地把全身泡在水里:或者在软绵绵的泥浆里散一回步,也很舒适。看看那些虾和蝌虾,谁也此不上我。而且,我是这个井里的主人,在这井里极自由自在,你为什么不常到井里来游赏呢!” 那海龟听了青蛙的话,倒真想进去看看。但它的左脚还没有整个伸进去,右脚就已经绊住了。它连忙后退了两步,把大海的情形告诉青蛙说:“你看过海吗?海的广大,哪止千里;海的深度,哪只千来丈。古时候,十年有九年大水,海里的水,并不涨了多少;后来,八年里有七年大早,海里的水,也不见得浅了多少。可见大海是不受旱涝影响的。住在那样的大海里,才是真的快乐呢!” 井蛙听了海龟的一番话,吃惊地呆在那里,再没有话可说了。

  寓意:宇宙无终极,学识无穷尽。这则寓言告诫人们,千万不要因一孔之见,便洋洋自得,不要因一得之功,便沾沾自喜。

  3.扁鹊的医术

  魏文王问名医扁鹊说:“你们家兄弟三人,都精于医术,到底哪一位最好呢?

  扁鹊答:“长兄最好,中兄次之,我最差。

  文王再问:“那么为什么你最出名呢?

  扁鹊答:“长兄治病,是治病于病情发作之前。由于一般人不知道他事先能铲除病因,所以他的名气无法传出去;中兄治病,是治病于病情初起时。一般人以为他只能治轻微的小病,所以他的名气只及本乡里。而我是治病于病情严重之时。一般人都看到我在经脉上穿针管放血、在皮肤上敷药等大手术,所以以为我的医术高明,名气因此响遍全国。

  【心得】:事后控制不如事中控制,事中控制不如事前控制。